Can Tho is located in the center of the 11 provinces of the Mekong Delta, 170 km from Ho Chi Minh City, south of the Hau River. The Hau River is considered a benefactor of this region, since yearly floods deposit large quantities of alluvia to the rice fields.
The climatic features of this area are similar to the other provinces of the Mekong Delta. The temperature rarely falls under 150C and the rainy season lasts from May to November.
It is wonderful to take a boat trip along the riverbanks on fine weather days. On the east bank of Hau River is Ninh Kieu Wharf, which is well known for its beautiful location. Not too far from the wharf is a floating restaurant connected to the bank by a bridge. Visitors travel along the waterway to the floating restaurant to taste eel dishes, a specialty of the region.
Can Tho University accommodates approximately 2,000 students in the fields of agriculture, medicine, and teaching.
Take a trip down the watery network that surrounds the Cuu Long Delta's Can Tho and you'll see why locals have a special name for it.
To them the miles of inter-connecting canals and rivers are simply "the green lungs of the Mekong." Self-praise indeed, but a half-day gently putt-putting round the Hau River on an ever-bobbing motorized canal taxi might have you agreeing. Can Tho, over its 200 years as the main town, now the city of the province, and once known as Tay do, or Capital in the West, may have had many names, but has clung determinedly to its identity. The 150,000 population city is the hub of the main Con Son and Con Au waterways which nurture the local rice and fruit trade. But it's not just agriculture that fuels the area: an art and cultural centre, a university, and a museum dedicated to Ho Chi Minh, have seen visitor numbers increase. And for those who have never made it to the area, it's a sure bet they will have experienced its flavour in its Cau Duc sweet pineapple, its sweet potatoes and taro, and the coconuts of the U Minh Jungle, which have spread its reputation as a fruit basket region far. The marshy Lung Ngoc Hoang mangrove forest, strategically placed to escape the natural clutches of the occasionally threatening Hau River and the waters near Bac Lieu, also offers a shelter for wildlife. There fish, crabs, tortoises, and yellow boas and snakes, seek their seasonal shelter at a place where war-time troops often sought strategic refuge. Experts are looking at whether the area, and especially its river water ecosystem, could sustain the accolade of National Reserve. It's those water courses that are the life-blood of the area and the favoured route of transport for goods bound for its legendary floating markets. On land the fragrance of frangipani trees wafts around the city's communal house and its 72 columns of black hardwood which commemorate the making or the saving of the area.
Locals will joke that "the soil is plentiful but the people aren't" a reminder of those who were forced to leave after a succession of heavy floods made earning a living impossible. The endorsement of a general, revered in that communal house, was seen as instrumental in saving the life of a special envoy of the Court, dispatched in 1852 to check the plight of the Hau River dwellers, but whose flotilla was swamped by a cyclone. He found shelter in a small waterway and survived to dub it Binh Thuy, or Quiet Water, and asked King Tu Duc to favour the area. Success and prosperity followed, the communal house became a more solid structure and is still revered widely, especially in two annual ceremonies.
But visitors are ever-fascinated by the area's bustling floating markets up the Hau River at Con Khuong, Con Son and, further a field, Con Tan Loc in the more prosperous Thot Not District. Other areas hope to bask in that economic upturn as part of a five-year rolling program by local officials involving boosting the use of the waterway system. Cai Rang is the largest floating market in the Mekong and the traders are more motorized, but the markets at Phung Hiep and Phong Dien are more relaxed and less crowded. And in the Year of the Snake, Phung Hiep's fortunes are delicately balanced.
Can Tho is a province which enjoys fertile soil conditions. It is located in the middle of the Mekong River delta. It is thought of as a great bowl of rice in Vietnam. The province is 168 kilometers south of Ho Chi Minh City.
Climate: There are two distinct seasons: the dry and the rainy seasons. The province is endowed with sunshine all year round with a high humidity. There is almost no storm shitting the province. Average temperature is 26,9 degree Celsius. The province is inhabited by the Kinh which is the majority group. Other ethnic groups include the Hoa and the Khmer.
Long Tuyen, an ancient village on the west side of Can Tho City in southern Vietnam’s Mekong Delta, has long been known as a fruitful land. It is also the birthplace of many talented figures that have made considerable contributions to the country development. The area now attracts visitors thanks to the beauty of its ancient houses and lush orchards.
Village Version of Can ThoOnce visiting Long Tuyen, you will never forget the attractiveness of its poetic sights, viewed from land or water.
On map, Long Tuyen looks like a miniature image of a vast Mekong Delta, its rich fruit orchards as beautiful as a picture. Along the bank of the Binh Thuy River are rows of houses with luxuriant gardens, making a classic, simple countryside scene.
Long Tuyen VillageLong Tuyen Village has become a popular site for tourists visiting Can Tho. Besides its poetic landscape, this village has six national vestiges – nearly one third of total number in Can Tho City. Binh Thuy Temple, also called Long Tuyen ancient temple, is an example. Set up in 1844 upon the establishment of this settlement, this temple, spreading over 4000 m2, is one of the largest in Can Tho Province, which reflects the stature of Long Tuyen Village. The temple honours not only the village history and ancestors, but also the practices of fruit cultivation, highly developed in Can Tho. Binh Thuy ancient house is a typical example of local fruit cultivation practices. It has a large courtyard, orchid garden and ornamental trees which are highly valuable. It is a great choice for visitors who are tired of high buildings and looking for some open, green space.
Local festivals occur in April and December on the lunar calendar. Processions take place accompanied by many joyful activities, traditional games and performances, attracting crowds of villagers and visitors. The focus of these events is around the paddy rice culture, with prayers for peace, favourable weather conditions and prosperity.
With the efforts of the local authority, the vestige sites have been well maintained and preserved. The repair of Binh Thuy Temple was well financed, along with other projects, including Nam Nha Pagoda, orchid gardens and Binh Thuy houses.
With a wide variety of influences from Khmer, Chinese, French, Japanese and American culture, Long Tuyen Village has forged its own identity within the fruit garden culture of Vietnam’s southern delta. With these broad roots, Long Tuyen has a strong and unique position within the cultural setting of the Mekong Delta.
As one of the famous stork sanctuaries in Mekong Delta, Bang Lang stork sanctuary has attracted thousands of stork and other kinds of birds to make nets and live here.
This is a right destination for tourists to observe and explore the natural life of birds and storks in a very green, romantic space of the bamboo forest.
Sunrise and sunset are time storks going to find food and coming back their nets, so you can enjoy beautiful views in those moments.
If you have found your way to Mekong Delta, you cannot afford to miss floating markets or “Cho Noi". This type of market can be found in most provinces of Mekong and some big and famous floating markets are Cai Rang, Phong Dien (CanTho City), Nga Nam (Soc Trang) , Nga Bay (Hau Giang). Floating markets have existed for a long time in the region. It basically is a market where people sell and buy things above water.
Since rivers are the main way of transportation, ferries and boats are very popular for traveling and transporting. Gradually, people gathered together at one or some certain places on the river to sell fruits mostly picked from their own gardens. Then they made business by selling foods, goods which had been brought from other places.
What to see and do
A floating market usually starts at 4 or 5 in the morning before dawn and ends when the sun rises high at 9 or 10am. Fruits and vegetables such as pineapple, dragon fruit, water melon, yam, and cabbage are the dominant goods at these floating market. Besides, you can also find garden tools, crafts and Vietnamese breakfast like rice noodle “Bun” or “Hu Tieu”. It is very interesting to try to manage the chopstick and soup bowl while paddling along the river.
Another noticeable feature of the floating market is “Cay Beo”. This is a small pillar which is put in front of every boat. What can be bought from the boat will be hung on the small pillar as a notice sign. Of course they cannot hang on a bowl of noodle; therefore, if you want to eat, you should look for the smoke and the delicious smell.
Nowadays, in Can Tho City, you can visit floating market by a boat tour from Ninh Kieu dock. Usually it takes 5 hours to finish visiting 2 nearest floating markets and for most foreigners; these 5 hours are really worthwhile!
Binh Thuy ancient house was built in 1870 with French style in architecture but still remained trational features of Southern style.
This is the private property of Duong’s family, it however has been acknowledged as a valuable construction of the city and nation for its architectural and historial values.